Sub Macro2() If Range("B3") < Range("D3") Then Range("E3") = 45 MsgBox "Value1 is smaller than Value2" End if End Sub The subroutine above saves the number 45 to cell E3 if the value in cell B3 is smaller than the value in D3. example shows a practical example of how you can use it in real life. Below code will perform the required task.Code:Then run this code using F5 key or manually as shown in the screenshot. Excel has a VBA backend called the VB editor. In this lesson, I’m going to show you, how you can use multiple if statements in VBA in a few different examples. In the practical example, you will catch the logic.Assume you have a value in the cell A2 and you want to check whether the number is greater than 100 or not. VBA -If Then Statement Using Multiple Criteria. As you read through each student you would use the If Statement to check the marks of each student. If Then Statement If Then Statement | Else Statement Use the If Then statement in Excel VBA to execute code lines if a specific condition is met. If the cell has a value that is negative, it’s highlighted in red with white font color. So let’s have a look at some useful and practical examples that can help you automate some stuff and be more efficient. Nested If statements. The VBA If statement is used to allow your code to make choices when it is running. The above code uses the IF as well as the ELSE statement to execute two different conditions. You can use the OR operator with the VBA IF statement to test multiple conditions. One of the most common things to do in coding is to build logic that checks for the occurrence of multiple conditions. It works in a similar way to If … Else. Useful Excel Macro Examples for VBA Beginners (Ready-to-use). However, in the second syntax, the true_code part is in the second line. You can also write this same code with a slight change (using OR instead of AND). The first syntax is a simple one-line IF THEN ELSE statement where you don’t need to use the END IF statement. It uses the For Next loop to go through the collection of all the open workbooks and checks the name using the IF condition. If you have multiple cases to choose from, you can also use the Select … Case statement. Multiple If…Then Statements compared to ElseIf structure: In Multiple If…Then statements, VBA runs through each of the If…Then blocks even after encountering a True condition (and executing its associated statements), whereas in an ElseIf structure all subsequent conditions are skipped after encountering a True condition. If the value is greater than 100 then we need the value in cell B2 as “More than 100”. After you run the code, Excel will display this message. Now theoretical explanation is enough, even if you did not understand anything nothing to worry. This will insert a module object for your workbook. While this works, it’s not an example of good coding (as you will see the alternatives below). The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. But when we split it into more than one line, we need to use the End If statement. IF Statement If .. Then. ANALYSISTABS Examples on Conditional Statements. The inner If statements are executed based on the outermost If statements. The above code uses the For Each loop and checks each cell in the selection that you have made. In this lesson, I’m going to show you, how you can use By Ada01 in forum Excel General Replies: 4 Last Post: 11-19-2009, 10:26 AM. So there is an ‘IF Then Else’ construct within an ‘IF Then Else’ construct. The first example I’m going to show you two ways you can use multiple ifs. However, for readability, you may want to use a Select Case statement rather than multiple levels of nested If...Then...Else statements. As you may have noticed, we have evaluated only two criteria … Hence you need to use the End IF statement. Suppose you have the scores for two subjects instead of one, and you want to check for the following conditions: The above code uses both OR and AND statements. Let’s start with the syntax. Excel Personal Macro Workbook | Save & Use Macros in All Workbooks. LinkBack. You can use the If...Then...Else statement to run a specific statement or a block of statements, depending on the value of a condition. To give you a simple example, suppose you have a list of grades in Excel and you want to highlight all those students who have scored an A. multiple if statements in VBA in a few different examples. If the name is not the same as that of the Active workbook, it saves and closes it. If you have any doubts regarding this article or any other Excel/VBA related articles, ask in … You will often want to make choices based on the data your macros reads. To use If and Or statement excel, you need to apply a similar formula as you have applied for If & And with the only difference is that if any of the condition is true then it will show you True. Here is what we’re trying to do – If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. See the following example: Using the case statement, you can run one of several groups of statements, depending on the value of an expression. In the Project Explorer pane in the VB Editor, right-click on any object for the workbook in which you want to insert the code. The basic to use one line statement is to write your entire code in one line. Note that when we use a single line of IF Then statement, we don’t need to use End IF. This will open the VB editor in the backend. Dim xCell As Range Dim xTime As Variant On Error Resume Next Set xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) On Error Resume Next, If xCell.Font.Color = vbRed Then xCell.Font.Color = vbWhite Else xCell.Font.Color = vbRed End If xTime = Now + TimeSerial(0, 0, 1) Application.OnTime xTime, “‘” & ThisWorkbook.Name & “‘!StartBlink”, , True End Sub. LinkBack URL; About LinkBacks; Thread Tools. This is helpful when the code that you need to run in case the IF condition is true is long and consists of multiple lines. You need to copy and paste the code in the VB Editor module code window. You can also use similar codes when checking when the value is not equal to a specified value in the VBA code. When you type Sub IF_THEN() as the first message without any quotes around it, you can observe, Excel automatically adds the line End Subbelow the first message line when you press Enter. Click on Visual Basic option. If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. Let`s work on an example where a patient with HIV/AIDS and the opportunistic disease Tuberculosis would first be sent to Ward One, to collect ARVS (Antiretrovirals) and then to the respiratory department of the hospital, to receive treatment and palliative care for Tuberculosis. But what if you want to show a message in both the cases, whether a student passed or failed the exam. To apply the formula, you have to follow the above process. But when the IF condition is FALSE, the code jumps to the Else part and executes the code block in it. GSU1972. Suppose you have a student’s score in cell A1 and you want to check whether the student passed the exam or not (passing marks threshold being 35). When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. Try and tell if this worked or not. In the above code, only when both Condition1 and Condition2 are met, the true_code is executed. It is executed only if the previous one returned FALSE. Tags for this Thread. The task of the IF Statement is to check if a particular condition is met or not. An example of Excel VBA If..Else with And operator If you have multiple expressions to check in the If statement and all have to be True in order to execute the code, you may do this by using the ‘And’ operator. Both the above VBA codes will give you the same result. however, this code functions through a button and for a single cell. The msgbox function then displays … In case you have multiple conditions to check, you can use: Let me show you how these differ and how to use this in Excel VBA. In this article, we will see the syntax, uses and examples of the Case Statement. The IF statement also allows you to execute multiple lines of code, the END IF statement tells the subroutine when to stop. The above code has a single line of IF statement that checks the value in cell A1. Note that the Else part of this statement is optional. The above code uses ElseIf, which allows us to keep all the conditions within one single IF Then statement. Conditional Statements in Excel VBA – Download: Example File. For example, you may want to read only the students who have marks greater than 70. As a coder, whether novice or experienced, hopefully you agree that this is one of the most common coding tasks. Personally, I prefer the first one as it has a logical flow of checking the scores (but that’s just me). Now, all the co… very readable. In case you don’t use End IF when required, VBA will show you an error – “Block IF without END IF”. If I need to grade students, I can easily do that using Excel functions. In case you don’t use End IF when required, VBA will show you an error – “Block IF without END IF” Examples of Using IF Then Statement in VBA There are various ways to apply the If statement. Multiple If And Statements in Excel. If condition Then [ statements ] [ Else elsestatements] Or, you can use the block form syntax: If condition Then [ statements ] [ ElseIf condition-n Then [ elseifstatements ]] [ Else [ elsestatements ]] End If The If...Then...Elsestatement syntax has these parts. If Range(“A5”) <= 50 Then. The Microsoft Excel IF-THEN-ELSE statement can only be used in VBA code. I want the blinking in a specific range, say A1:A10, upon satisfying a condition (without the button), say if >=5. If you don’t see the Project Explorer go to the View tab and click on Project Explorer. You can also combine If This type of nesting allows you to check for multiple conditions and run the relevant block of code. and Select … Case statements. We can use the below code to get this done: You can use multiple IF Then statement as shown above. An If statement followed by one or more ElseIf statements that consists of boolean expressions and then followed by a default else statement, which executes when all the condition becomes false. Wondering where the VBA code goes in your Excel workbook? But before I get into the specifics, let me give you the syntax of the ‘IF Then Else’ statement. Conditional Statements in Excel VBA - Select Case Statement (VBA), Using To & Is keywords, Option Compare Setting, Nesting However, when you have multiple dependent conditions, you can use the AND or OR statement with the IF conditions. Excel Programming / VBA / Macros; Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA; Results 1 to 9 of 9 Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA. When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. Even if one of the conditions is false, it will execute the false_code. When the score is more than (or equal to) 35, the IF condition is true, and the code right below it gets executed (everything before the Else statement). In the above code, we have used multiple IF statements (nested IF Then) with the help of Else. Let’s say you buy bicycles, motorcycles, and cars. It checks the name of each worksheet and hides it if it’s not the active worksheet. In case you decide to use this, remember that these statements should either be independent or mutually exclusive. The above code (that we saw in the previous section) can be further optimized by using the ElseIf statement. Instead of multiple If Else If statement we use the Select Case statement to switch results. Download this example file, we will learn conditional statements with examples. Different languages have different syntaxes for nested if statements. To see a practical example of using <>, have a look at Example 1 below. If you want to test more than one condition then you need to use the If statement. The formula is … If you have alphanumeric strings in cells and you want to extract the numeric part from it, you can do that using the below code: This code will create a custom function in Excel that can use within the worksheet (just like a regular function). Now let’s see how AND and OR statement work with the IF Then Else construct. A single IF function only analyze two criteria. Let's look at some Excel AND function examples and explore how to use the AND function in Excel VBA code. Let’s look at a simple example: 1 If Range("a2").Value > 0 Then … The Case statement is a very common and useful function used in VBA. This time the code is much more readable than the last one. It is an easier way to write multiple IF-THEN-ELSE statements. Sub sb1_IFCondition() … In this example we will evaluate a single cell. So even if the first IF statement is correct, the second would still be evaluated. It does away with the need for multiple If Statements which can make Excel VBA code very hard to read and decipher. If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’. How to Use Excel VBA InStr Function (with practical EXAMPLES). Below is the generic syntax of If Then Else construct in VBA. In all the examples above, we have used the conditions that check whether a value equal to a specified value or not. View Profile … Anyway here how it works. In Excel VBA, IF Then Else statement allows you to check for a condition, and perform an action accordingly. The above code would save and close all the workbooks (except the active one). IF is one of the most popular and frequently used statements in VBA.IF statement in VBA is sometimes also called as IF THEN ELSE Statement. By that, you may use two or more expressions. Go to Insert and click on Module. If Statement with multiple criteria. There can be multiple Else If…Then clauses in a VBA if statement, as long as each Else If … criteria is mutually exclusive from other Else If or If criteria. Only when all the conditions are false, it executes the false_code. Hence you need to use the End IF statement. If it’s more than 35, it shows the message – “Pass”. The “If Statement” is used in many programming languages. End If End Sub . Hi, I am having a problem with multiple if statements, If a word is found in a cell from the array then if the offset cell equals a value then replace the offset cell with a new value, However depending on what has been found from the array needs to step through a different if statement to change the rotations, can someone help with this please. Now, if I ask you to do this manually, you will check each student’s grade and if it’s an A, you’ll highlight it, and if it isn’t, then you’ll leave it as is. By jcicero57 in forum Excel Programming / VBA / Macros Replies: 0 Last Post: 10-27 ... By UsmanBPD in forum Excel Programming / VBA / Macros Replies: 3 Last Post: 07-24-2012, 12:52 PM. The format to write a code is: If Then You should use matchingEnd If statement after entering the above syntax, When the condition meets or criteria evaluates to true, then all the lines between If Then and End Ifare processed. ©TrumpExcel.com – Free Online Excel Training, FREE EXCEL TIPS EBOOK - Click here to get your copy, Examples of Using IF Then Statement in VBA, Nested IF Then (Multiple IF Then statements), Example 1 – Save and Close All Workbooks Except The Active Workbook, Example 2 – Highlight Cells with Negative Values, Example 3 – Hide All the Worksheet Except the Current Worksheet, Example 4 – Extract the Numeric Part from an Alphanumeric String, Working with Cells and Ranges in Excel VBA, Creating a Custom Function in Excel Using VBA, Excel VBA Events – An Easy (and Complete) Guide. The macro recorder uses a lot of With..End With statements but I personnaly don't. Different languages have different syntaxes for nested if statements. Now we have three conditions to test, and we have used the OR after the second condition to specify the third condition. Take a look at the modified example. In VBA, If statements … The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. Here, you have a lot of code and when you have to close the IF condition this is not going to be With OR, even if one of the conditions are true, it will execute the true_code. how to modify this code, can anyone help? In this example, the first three conditions are not met, so Excel displays the last message. Multiple IF statements are also known as “ Nested IF Statement ” is a formula containing 2 or more IF functions. That’s why there is an ElseIf condition. Run the code. It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. So far we have used a single IF Then statement. In the above example, if Cell A5 is 91, then Cell A6 will be set to Decent Performance. In case you want to quickly hide all the worksheets except the active one, you can use the below code: The above code uses the For Each loop to go through a collection of worksheets. The Excel users also use this formula so much in their daily life to test conditions. If A1 = 10 Then Msgbox ("Cell A1 has value 10") In the above statement, we have written an IF statement to evaluate if cell A1 has a … If you’re interested in learning VBA the easy way, check out my Online Excel VBA Training. End If should close the last Else If…Then statement. Also the words are not case sensitive. Copy and paste the code in the module window. The first example I’m going to show you two ways you can use multiple ifs. Try replacing your 4th code line i.eSet xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) with Set xCell = Range(“A1:A10) for a range as asked above. excel & vba … The important thing to know here is that in the above construct, all the IF statements are evaluated and the ones where the condition is true, the code is executed. The IF-THEN-ELSE statement is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Logical Function. So far in this tutorial, we have only checked for a single condition at a time. This first example combines the AND function with the IF Statement in VBA code: If LWebsite = "TechOnTheNet.com" And LPages <= 10 Then LBandwidth = "Low" Else LBandwidth = "High" End If. So far, we have been going through some examples that are good to understand how the ‘IF-THEN’ statements work in VBA, however, are not useful in the practical world. You May Also Like the Following Excel Tutorials: I tried using the below vba code in an excel sheet. We want to buy 7 motorcycles. In this tutorial, I’ll show you different ways the ‘If Then Else’ construct can be used in Excel VBA, and some practical examples in action. Suppose this time, instead of just displaying the message Pass/Fail, we have one more condition. Show Printable Version; Subscribe to this Thread… Rate This Thread. Suppose that you have a column full of numbers and you want to quickly highlight all the cells with negative values in red, you can do that using the below code. IF THEN is a simple form of VBA statement. Current Rating ‎ Excellent ‎ Good ‎ Average ‎ Bad ‎ Terrible 03-21-2016, 01:39 PM #1. Let’s take the same example of using a student’s score. VBA If Statements allow you to test if expressions are TRUE or FALSE, running different code based on the results. Once we have the logic correct, we will apply the logic to a range of cells using a looping structure.In Excel, open the VBA Editor by pressing F-11 (or press the Visual Basic button on the Developer ribbon. In case there is a VBA code in any of the workbooks and you haven’t saved it as .xls or .xlsm, you will see a warning (as the vba codes are lost when you save it in .xlsx format). This ... 1 = 0 Then MsgBox "one of the conditions is true." This is extremely valuable in many situations as we will see in the examples later in this tutorial. When you develop in VBA for Excel (very small programs) memory is not really an object and our personnal computers are as powerful as the large computers of yesterday. Not equal to represented by <> the Excel VBA. It executes one set of code if a specified condition evaluates to TRUE, or another set of code if it evaluates to FALSE. If there are more than two criteria, then it should use the multiple IF statements (nested IF). )Right-click “This Workbook” in the Project Explorer (upper-left of VBA Editor) and select Insert ⇒ Module.In the Code window (right panel) type the following and press ENTER.We wa… If...Then...Else statements can be nested to as many levels as you need. Else MsgBox "none of the conditions are true." To give you an idea of how the IF-THEN statement works in VBA, let me start with some basic examples (some practical and more useful examples are covered later in this tutorial). Multiple IF AND statements in Excel. An If or ElseIf statement inside another If or ElseIf statement (s). The same logic can be built in VBA using the If Then Else statement as well (and of course do a lot more than just highlighting grades). Below is the syntax of using AND/OR condition with the IF Then statement. This enables VBScript to handle complex conditions with ease. If you have a lot of workbooks open and you quickly want to close all, except the active workbook, you can use the below code. Now if you’re wondering what’s the difference between the two syntaxes, let me clarify. One line statement is perfect if you are using the IF-Then statement. So yeah guys, this is how the Select Case (switch) statement is used in Excel VBA to check multiple conditions. Syntax: If Then It is a simple Condition to check an expression, if the condition is True it will execute the Statement. The discount depends on the type and the number of vehicles you buy. The Select Case Statement has a syntax of: Select Case Expression to test> Case Do something Case Else Do something else End Select. The Excel VBA can also use this, remember that these statements should either be or! The relevant block of code IF-Then statement IF... Then... Else statements can be nested to as levels. 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